PTE ACADEMIC LISTENING FILL BLANKS PRACTICE SAMPLE 27

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PTE ACADEMIC LISTENING FILL BLANKS PRACTICE SAMPLE

1.

Panipat was of …………… strategic importance to the India of the pre modern era. It was located along the banks of Yamuna, and near Delhi. It used to be commonly said that whoever controlled Delhi, controlled North India. Delhi itself was located in an excellent position: between two agriculturally ………….. regions i.e. the plains of the Indus and the plains of the Ganges. All empire-shaking challenges in India would have been made against the ruler who controlled Delhi, thus, giving Panipat an important role in the battle.

India faced multiple …………… from the North and especially the North-west, and Panipat became the preferred battleground for such invaders and the Indian rulers to face each other. Notably, Panipat fell on the Grand Trunk Road built by Shershah Suri, which made it easy for ………………. to find their way there. Additionally, Panipat was an area with a terrain that consisted mostly of large plains, making it suitable for war. Also, its …………….. to the capital of Delhi made it easy for the Indian rulers to transport weapons, military and food supplies etc to the battleground, and still keep the capital ………. from the ………… at hand.

PTE ACADEMIC LISTENING FILL BLANKS PRACTICE SAMPLE

2

The Second Battle of Panipat took place on 5th November, 1556, between the Mughal Forces of Akbar and the army of Hemu. The war was ………… won by Mughal Forces. Bairam Khan with Akbar advanced through Thaneswar to the plain of Panipat, where thirty years earlier, Akbar’s grandfather, Babur had …………….. and slain Ibrahim Lodi. Himu lost his park of artillery in a  ……………engagement yet he faced his ………………. with 15,000 war-elephants and a vast number of troops far superior in number to those of Akbar.

The second battle was fought on November 5, 1556, and at the initial stage Himu successfully attacked the enemy on both wings. Bairam Khan …………… the ten thousand strong army from the rear, placed Ali Quli Khan, later appointed Khan Zaman, in charge of the centre, Sikandar Khan Uzbeg in charge of the right …………………. and Abdullah Khan Uzbeg in charge of the left wing. Akbar was kept at a safe distance in the rear by his ……………. Bairam Khan.

PTE ACADEMIC LISTENING FILL BLANKS PRACTICE SAMPLE

3

Having ……………….. his position in Delhi and Agra, Hemu decided to send an army to the Punjab. But he was considerably delayed. Had he given the …………….. forces under Tardi Beg a hot chase, the prospects for Akbar would have considerably worsened. Nevertheless Hemu was so confident of his success that he committed a great blunder in sending his artillery along with the ……………….. without making due arrangements for prompt reinforcements when necessary.

Consequently, when Ali Quli Shaibani at the head of the Mughal vanguard attacked Hemu’s vanguard near Panipat, he scored a complete victory and captured Hemu’s artillery.When Hemu at the battle of Panipat ……………. Akbar at the head of his army it was the artillery he had lost that was ……………… by the enemy to hold on to its ranks. Despite this handicap, Hemu was able to route both the wings of the Mughal army and he …………………. to clinch the issue by bearing down the enemy centre by a ………………….. use of his war-elephants.

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