PTE Academic listening summarize spoken text practice sample 2

spoken-text

PTE Academic listening summarize spoken text practice

You may get 2-3 summarize spoken text in the exam.You will hear a short lecture.Write a summary of the lecture using 50-70 words.You will have 10 minutes to finish the task.written transcript of audio is provided for practice purpose.

1.

Transcript

Scientists who study the Earth tell us that the continents and ocean floors are always moving. Sometimes, this movement is violent and might result in great destruction. Today, we examine the process that causes earthquakes.

The first pictures of Earth taken from space showed a solid ball covered by brown and green landmasses and blue-green oceans. It appeared as if the Earth had always looked that way — and always would.

Scientists now know, however, that the surface of the Earth is not as permanent as had been thought. Scientists explain that the surface of our planet is always in motion. Continents move about the Earth like huge ships at sea. They float on pieces of the Earth’s outer skin, or crust. New crust is created as melted rock pushes up from inside the planet. Old crust is destroyed as it rolls down into the hot area and melts again.

Only since the 1960s have scientists begun to understand that the Earth is a great, living structure. Some experts say this new understanding is one of the most important revolutions in scientific thought. The revolution is based on the work of scientists who study the movement of the continents — a process called plate tectonics.

2.

Transcript

The earliest process of making paper was done almost five thousand years ago in Egypt and the Nile Valley. In those days, paper was made from strips of the papyrus plant.

Modern paper-making began in China about two thousand years ago. This process produced paper from cloth, straw, wood or the bark of trees. The raw materials are struck over and over until they become loose. Then they are mixed with water.

After the water has been removed, the flat, thin form remaining is permitted to dry. This becomes a sheet of paper.

Large machines started to be used for making paper near the end of the sixteenth century. Today, paper-making is a big business. But it is still possible to make paper by hand, since the steps are the same as using big machines.

You should choose paper with small amounts of printing. Old envelopes are good for this reason. Colored paper also can be used, as well as small amounts of newspaper. Small pieces of rags or cloth can be added. These should be cut into pieces about five centimeters by five centimeters.

Everything is placed in a container, covered with water and brought to a boil. It is mixed for about two hours with some common chemicals and then allowed to cool. Then it is left until most of the water dries up. The substance left, called pulp, can be stored until you are ready to make paper.

When you are ready, the pulp is mixed with water again. Then the pulp is poured into a mold. The mold is made of small squares of wire that hold the shape and thickness of the paper. To help dry the paper, the mold lets the water flow through the small wire squares.

After several more drying steps, the paper is carefully lifted back from the mold. It is now strong enough to be touched.

The paper is smoothed and pressed to remove trapped air. You can use a common electric iron used for pressing clothes.

There are many other technologies for people making paper using small machines.

PTE Academic listening summarize spoken text practice

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3 thoughts on “PTE Academic listening summarize spoken text practice sample 2

  1. The lecture was about paper making process. Firstly paper making process start at around 5000 year ago. But china was begun; it is commercially stat near about two thousand years ago. Paper is mainly produce from tress by lager machine following several steps and adding with water and chemical. Whereas huge paper business start at 16th century and that time color paper making introducing.

  2. Paper making process started 5000 years ago in Egypt from the strips of papyrus plant. In china began the modern paper making 2000 years ago with straw or trees. By the 16th century large machines made it a big business. But paper can be hand-made by cutting 5cm X 5cm pieces of old papers, mix with water and chemical then boiled. The pulp is put in the mold to dry.

  3. Initially, Paper was discovered 5000 years ago in Nyle Valley, Egypt. Around 2000 years ago, China started making modern paper with cloth and bark of the trees whereas large scale production, using the machine, started only at the end of 16th century. Since the process is same, It can be made even with the hands.

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