PTE Academic reading multiple choice multiple answers practice
1.A clean river nurtures plankton and water-weeds, which are the food and nourishment of small fish. This natural cycle of life becomes a feature of any stretch of water; even an artificially created piece of water like a pond or a canal will, if left alone, start its own “life cycle”, beginning with things that wriggle in the mud. In a short time, small predators will move in, and a complex little food chain will have started. All water, whether still or flowing, is richly productive, for where there is water there is life. You often see people fishing in a narrow water channel; they fish in ponds the size of puddles, in streams that look like gutters. And they are nearly always rewarded with a catch. The combination of water and organic matter can always be counted upon to produce some kind of living matter. The one condition is that the water must have a certain proportion of oxygen, for all life needs some oxygen. In other words, it must not be polluted with chemicals.
Which of the following statements are supported by information given in the text?
1.In all food chains, the weak and sickly are the first to become prey to their enemies.
2.Predators reduce the fish population.
3.The presence of adequate oxygen in waters is likely to ensure that we get a better catch of the fish we want.
4.The absence of oxygen in water ensures that the quality of fish it supports is poor.
5.Water and organic matter combine to start “life cycle”.
Multiple choice multiple answers
2..Learning through ‘doing
Modern education attaches great importance to learning through doing. It is fully recognized that the knowledge gained through actually doing the task is more effective and lasting than that gained through mere reading. That is why all the modern methods of education give top priority to some hand-work round which they base the teaching of the curriculum.
Three R’s replaced
In the past, whereas education laid stress on training of three R’s i.e. Reading, Writing and Arithmetic, modern education attaches great importance to the training of three H’s i.e. Head, Heart and Hand. It has been realized that the head, the heart and the hand get the best training through self-activity with hands and brain, especially when carried out in cooperation with others. Mere reading of books or listening to others does not help much in this direction.
Participation, not listening
In modern education, the student is not merely a passive listener but is an active participant in the process of education. In the past, it was the teacher who did most of the talking. Now it is the student who is expected to be more active and up and doing and the teacher is merely a guide. For the healthy development of the mind, it is most essential that the student should be an active giver and not merely a passive receiver. It is this activity of the mind which will lead to emotional integration, so necessary for a healthy personality. If the child is merely a recipient, all the time listening to his teachers, his own personality gets dwarfed because the teachers’ personalities dominate over his personality.
Which of the following statements about modern education can be supported from the text?
1.A basic craft is compulsory in the curriculum of modern education.
2.Knowledge gained through practical training is permanent.
3.It lays greater emphasis on activity based training.
4.Here the teacher plays merely a supportive/facilitating role.
5.Modern education provides greater opportunity for development of distinctive personality.
Multiple choice multiple answers
3.In the past, learning English as a separate subject seemed relatively easy. The textbook selected and graded items of language which were put into context and then practised intensively. New items were carefully controlled so that the student could cope quite easily. Now that English is used as a medium of instruction, however, all this has changed. Unknovvn items of grammar and vocabulary appear in texts which attempt to explain new and often difficult information. Difficulties with the language interact with difficulties as regards the subject matter. The student’s reading in his own subject slows down, and his comprehension becomes less secure. He expresses himself slowly and often fails to convey his ideas exactly. He is disappointed to find that under pressure he makes a lot of unnecessary mistakes in areas where he knows the correct language forms. His social relations are difficult as he cannot find the right phrase quickly enough to keep a conversation going, so his language often betrays him into dullness, coldness, or worst of all, rudeness. Instead of the student being in control of the language, the language seems now to be in control of the student.All this can be very depressing and the student can start to feel anxious. Working in a foreign language is also very tiring, and the concentration and self-discipline required to correct one’s mistake is very great indeed.
Which of the following statements about learning English can be supported from the text?
1.Learning of English as a subject is the more difficult part.
2.Learning of English as a medium of instruction is the more difficult part.
3.Language may hinder understanding of the subject.
4.Learning of English as a medium of instruction is the easier part.
5.Learning of English as a subject is the easier part.
Multiple choice multiple answers
4.Early Rising-The great advantage of early rising is the head start it gives us in our day’s work. The early riser has done a large amount of hard work before other men even get out of bed. In the early morning, the mind is fresh, and there are few sounds or other distractions. In many cases the early riser also finds time to take some exercise in the fresh morning air. By beginning so early, he knows that he has plenty of time to do thoroughly all the work he can be expected to do. All his work having been finished in good time, he has a long interval of rest in the evening before the timely hour when he goes to bed. After a sound night’s rest he rises early next morning in good health and spirits for the labours of a new day
.Late Rising-The person who lies in bed late, if he wishes to do a full day’s work, goes on working to a corresponding late hour and denies himself the hour or two of evening exercise that he ought to take for the benefit of his health. Very late in the night is he ready for sleep..
Which of the following statements is/are not true in accordance with the information given in the above passage
1.work done early in the morning is generally well done.
2. early riser does not have to hurry over any part of his day’s work.
3.Sleep is most refreshing before midnight.
4.The life of an early riser is more conducive to health than that of the man who rises late.
5.The morning exercise supplies the early riser with a reserve of energy that will last until the evening.