PTE Academic reading multiple choice single answer practice exercise 6 - PTE Academic study guide

PTE Academic reading multiple choice single answer practice exercise 6

PTE Academic reading multiple choice single answer practice exercise

PTE Academic reading multiple choice single answer practice exercise.These are traditional multiple-choice questions with five answer choices, of which you must select one.Read the text and answer the multiple choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

1.The ground is full of seeds that cannot rise into seedlings;the seedlings rob one another of air, light and water, the strongest robber winning the day, and extinguishing his competitors. Year after year, the wild animals with which man never interferes are, on the average, neither more nor less numerous than they were; and yet we know that the annual produce of every pair is from one to perhaps a million young; so that it is mathematically certain that,on the average, as many are killed by natural causes as are born every year, and those only escape which happen to be a little better fitted to resist destruction than those which die. The individuals of a species are like
the crew of a foundered ship, and none but good swimmers have a chance of reaching the land.

 

The main point the author conveys is that

A. natural populations of animals in the wild increase in numbers exponentially
B. all members of a species are in violent competition with one another

C. in the struggle to survive, the fittest survive
D. members of one generation of a population are all more or less alike
E. man’s interference destroys the natural balance

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2.The literature on drug addiction has grown at a rate that defies anyone to keep abreast of the literature, and apparently in inverse proportion to our understanding of the subject. Addiction, or dependence, as it is more fashionable to call it, excites controversy and speculation yet true understanding of the phenomenon remains elusive.In fact the area is fraught with speculation and acrimonious debate. Definition of terms such as drug,addiction, and abuse is obviously less controversial than attempts to explain the nature of drug dependence,yet even the terminology is imprecise and overlain with subjective connotations. At its most basic, a drug, as defined by the World Heath Organization, is simply any substance which when taken into the living organism may modify one or more of its functions. This kind of definition is too wide to be of any use in a discussion of dependence: it covers everything from insulin to aspirin, penicillin to alcohol.

The author implies that he thinks the term dependence in the context of drugs

A. is more accurate the older term addiction
B. has not always been the preferred term
C. is a currently under-used term
D. is an avant-garde aberration
E. is more controversial than the term addiction

3.  Now, it is clear that the decline of a language must ultimately have political and economic causes: it is not due simply to the bad influence of this or that individual writer. But an effect can become a cause, reinforcing the original cause and producing the same effect in an intensified form, and so on indefinitely.A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks. It is rather the same thing that is happening to the English language. It becomes ugly and inaccurate because our thoughts are foolish, but the slovenliness of our language makes it easier for us to have foolish thoughts.

The author would most likely agree that

A. individual writers can never have a bad influence on the English language
B. imprecise use of language is likely to make precise thought more difficult
C. the English language is ugly and inaccurate
D. all language declines for political reasons
E. failure generally leads to more failure in a downward spiral

CLICK FOR ANSWERS

1. C 2. B 3.B

PTE Academic reading multiple choice single answer practice exercise

PTE speaking answer short question samples

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