PTE Academic reading re order paragraphs practice sample
PTE Academic Reading Re Order paragraphs 1
- Government corruption was rampant, the Russian economy remained backward, and Nicholas repeatedly dissolved the Duma, the Russian parliament established after the 1905 revolution, when it opposed his will.
2.Meanwhile, the economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort, and moderates joined Russian radical elements in calling for the overthrow of the czar.
3.However, the immediate cause of the February Revolution–the first phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917–was Russia’s disastrous involvement in World War I (1914-18).
4.Militarily, imperial Russia was no match for industrialized Germany, and Russian casualties were greater than those sustained by any nation in any previous war.
5.By 1917, most Russians had lost faith in the leadership ability of Czar Nicholas II.
PTE Academic Reading Re order Paragraph 2
1.Supported by huge crowds of striking industrial workers, the protesters clashed with police but refused to leave the streets.
2.The February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar until February 1918) began on March 8, 1917 (or February 23 on the Julian calendar), when demonstrators clamoring for bread took to the streets in the Russian capital of Petrograd (now called St. Petersburg).
3.On March 11, the troops of the Petrograd army garrison were called out to quell the uprising.
- On March 10, the strike spread among all of Petrograd’s workers, and irate mobs destroyed police stations. Several factories elected deputies to the Petrograd Soviet, or council, of workers’ committees, following the model devised during the 1905 revolution.
5.In some encounters, regiments opened fire, killing demonstrators, but the protesters kept to the streets and the troops began to waver.
PTE Academic Re order paragraphs 3
1.Lenin became the virtual dictator of the first Marxist state in the world. His government made peace with Germany, nationalized industry and distributed land, but beginning in 1918 had to fight a devastating civil war against anti-Bolshevik White Army forces
2.Then, on November 6 and 7, 1917 (or October 24 and 25 on the Julian calendar,
3.which is why this event is also referred to as the October Revolution), leftist revolutionaries led by Bolshevik Party leader Vladimir Lenin launched a nearly bloodless coup d’état against the provisional government.
4.In the aftermath of the February Revolution, power was shared between the weak provisional government and the Petrograd Soviet.
5.The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head.
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