PTE Academic summarize written text practice exercise
PTE Academic summarize written text practice exercise . Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the comment section at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
1.Whaling has been around for centuries, but due to a rapid increase in demand for whale meat in certain countries, whaling practices went into overdrive at the turn of the last century. From 1904 to 1987, an estimated 1,339,232 whales were killed by commercial whaling fleets in the Antarctic alone. That’s a heart wrenching 16,000 whales murdered year after year for the best part of a century.
In the Antarctic, hunting for Blue Whales was banned in 1964. The original numbers for the Blue Whale in that region were around 20,000, but by the time the ban was brought into place, this population had dropped significantly. Today’s estimates only state around 2,000 Blue Whales, showing that even 40 years after the hunting was banned, they have struggled to repopulate. Worldwide numbers of Blue Whales have reduced from 220,000 to as little as 3,000. This highlights the long term effects of hunting on the ocean’s ecosystems.
2.While high-end malls thrive, many others have been unable to keep up with changing shopping demands of American consumers, leading to obituaries in the US press with headlines such as “A dying breed: The American shopping mall,” and “Shopping Malls In Crisis.”
About 80 percent of the country’s 1,200 malls are considered “healthy,” which means store vacancy rates of 10 percent or less, according to CoStar Group data published in The New York Times.
That’s down from 94 percent in 2006 and there is even a website dedicated to documenting what some are calling the death of the shopping center, deadmalls.com, keeping tabs on the latest closures across the country.
3.Tradition and commerce often clash in many cultures. In Trinidad, it is the Carnival that is the cause of current friction. The complaint, as you would expect, is that traditional skills and creativity are being lost in the rush to make profits. And the profits are large: the two-day festival, which attracts up to 40,000 tourists each year, is estimated to generate somewhere between $27 million and $100 million.
A particular problem for the traditionalists is that the extravagant colorful costumes people wear in the bands or processions are now largely being imported, especially from China. These costumes are cheaper and more revealing (another cause of complaint) than those made locally. Critics say these imports are a threat to traditional creations and, worse, mean sending work elsewhere. Others see turning the Carnival into a profitable and exportable industry as a progressive move, benefiting the country as a whole.
A large number of people are in two minds. On the one hand, the changes are a reflection of what people – mainly tourists – want, and bring in money. On the other, there is a desire to preserve traditions. The transformation of the bands and processions into businesses has disrupted the social order, which used to be made up of friends getting together to relax, eat and drink, and make costumes. Both sides agree, though, that the country needs to make better use of the skills of the people in the Carnival business and that the country’s resources must appeal to a wider market.
4.Net neutrality dictates that broadband Internet service providers (ISPs), cable and phone companies such as Comcast and Verizon, treat all content on the web the same. It was established under the FCC’s Open Internet Order, which was adopted in 2010. The order says that broadband providers must be transparent about how their networks perform and are managed; they cannot block content or applications as long as they are legal; and they cannot discriminate against content providers or services by relegating them to a “slow lane.” Essentially, the order says ISPs can’t deliver programming from Company A faster than that of Company B. Nor can they charge more for faster delivery of content. On the consumer side, net neutrality leaves it up to individuals to decide what type of content they want to access over the Internet.