PTE Academic MULTIPLE-CHOICE, CHOOSE SINGLE ANSWER
A Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
“Rightly is they called pigs,” said Rowley, a farm laborer looking at the wallowing animals before passing on to the cow sheds, in Aldous Huxley’s novel Chrome Yellow. Those who heard his words commented on his wisdom.
This raises all sorts of questions about language and how we perceive the world, questions that range from the philosophical to the politically correct (PC) use of language and the question of causing offence – for example, calling someone a pig.
Those who believed in being PC tried to adjust language to take into account people’s sensitivities in the areas of race, sexuality and disability, and a theologian has recently written that we should do the same for the animal kingdom. To call them “wild” or “beasts” is, he says, “derogatory and offensive”. I’m all in favor of animal welfare, but, in arguing his case, he says that language is the means by which we understand and conceptualize the world around us.
But is it? Isn’t it the other way round? To put it another, very simple, way: do you believe that the language you use has made you think of the world in a certain way, or that you have an idea of the world as it is and your place in it, and you use language to understand and describe it?
Is Rowley’s wisdom based on his many years working with farm animals, and what he has seen is just pigs being pigs and there’s nothing more to be said? Or has he decided that the name “pig” suits these creatures because they behave piggishly? If we cleaned them up, taught them table manners and made them wear a tie, would we have to call them something else?
What is the main reason for the writer mentioning Rowley?
1 Because he is a farm laborer.
2 To illustrate his view about the use of language.
3 To support the idea that we should be politically correct when talking about animals.
4 To bring some humor into his text.
PTE Academic Reading
B. Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
These days you can fit hundreds of books into one e-book reader or smartphone, and this has led publishers, writers and readers alike to ask whether this means the death of the printed book and a drastic change in how we read. Or, as some hope and believe, will the electronic book format simply complement traditional book publishing?
The fact that a book can be downloaded from almost anywhere in the world has blurred the lines between author, reader, format and distribution, and this has caused some head-scratching at some of the world’s biggest publishing companies. Such companies must adapt, and quickly, to the new market; but many are nervous of the risks and often shareholders are not willing to break new ground.
For many writers, however, e-publishing provides new freedoms and opportunities. Many e-books are published by writers who do not have a readership through mainstream publishers, and this allows them to deal with material that mainstream publishers would consider too controversial or otherwise unmarketable.
The market is very much driven by the consumer, and publishing companies are going to have to deal with this new situation sooner or later. It is quite a complicated situation, but it doesn’t have to be either/or. The book as we know it has been around for about 500 years and, once things settle down, there is no reason why the e-book and the traditional printed book should not exist happily side by side.
Which of the following statements is true according to the text?
1 E-publishing has created new possibilities for writers.
2 Publishing companies have been unable to adapt to the new market.
3 E-books will radically alter our reading habits.
4 Most e-books are not by conventionally-published writers.
5 Sales of e-books are likely to overtake sales of traditional books.
1 is incorrect because although Rowley is a farm laborer, that’s not the main reason he is mentioned.
3 is incorrect because Rowley does not support that view.
4 is incorrect because although Rowley speaks in a slightly humorous way, that’s not the main reason he is mentioned.
2 is correct because the writer says: “Rightly is they called pigs,” said Rowley, a farm laborer looking at the
wallowing animals before passing on to the cow sheds … This raises all sorts of questions about language and how we perceive the world …
B: 1 2 is incorrect because the writer says publishing companies must adapt, not that they have been unable to.
3 is incorrect because the writer raises this as a possibility in the first paragraph, rather than stating it will definitely happen.
4 is incorrect because the writer says that e-books provide opportunities to many writers, but does not say that most e-books are not by conventionally published writers.
5 is incorrect because the writer does not mention the number of sales of e-books and traditional books.
1 is correct because the writer says: … For many writers, however, e-publishing provides new freedoms and opportunities.