MULTIPLE-CHOICE, CHOOSE MULTIPLE ANSWERS PTE Academic Reading

PTE Reading MULTIPLE CHOICE MULTIPLE ANSWER

Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses.

a.Why do some countries drive on the left, while others – the majority- drive on the right? In fact, those that drive on the left make up about twenty-five per cent of the world’s countries and are, apart from the UK itself, mostly countries that were British colonies: India, South Africa, Singapore, Jamaica, and so on. Japan does too, although it wasn’t a colony, and as late as 2009, Samoa switched from driving on the right largely because they wanted to buy right-hand drive cars made in Japan and New Zealand.

The Romans introduced the custom of keeping to the left, a habit that was reinforced in medieval times when riders throughout Europe passed oncoming strangers sword arm to sword arm – this idea is based on the fact that the majority of people are right-handed. An increase in horse traffic towards the end of the 18th century meant that the convention gained strength, but it was not put into law until 1835. Legend lias it that Napoleon is responsible for making the European countries which he conquered keep to the right, for the simple reason either that he was left-handed himself, or that he wanteLI to be different from his enemy, England. This is most probably nonsense, but an Emperor’s whims can go a long way. So France, obviously, and Spain, the Netherlands and other countries Napoleon overran used this system, and over the years other countries adopted the practice to make crossing borders easier and safer. The latest European country to convert was Sweden, in 1967.

According to the text, which of the countries listed below drive on the left?

1 Japan

2 Scotland

3 Spain

4 Samoa

5 South Africa

6 Germany

PTE READING MULTIPLE CHOICE MULTIPLE ANSWER

B Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

In 1861, Matthew Brady, a well-known portrait photographer, approached President Lincoln requesting permission to move freely about the country photographing the Civil War. Lincoln granted him permission to travel anywhere with the Union armies, and his record of this conflict brought home to millions the horrors of war.

Brady wasn’t the first official war photographer. Six years earlier, Roger Fenton, a lawyer and amateur photographer, had returned from the Crimea, having been personally chosen by Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. However, his instructions were more likely to have been to send back work that boosted morale back home rather than the terrible realities of war. Brady’s coverage of the war made him a household name, but he had hundreds of assistants, and it’s even possible that he didn’t take any of the 7,000 pictures that were marketed under his name. But no one else could have organized the large army of photographers needed to cover the broad sweep of the war and provided access to many leading generals and politicians.

Which of the following statements are true of Matthew Brady?

1 He was given permission to travel anywhere in the US.

2 He was able to give his photographers introductions to politicians.

3 He took as many as seven thousand pictures of the war.

4 He was responsible for organizing a large number of photographers.

5 Before the war he had been an amateur photographer.

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ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATION 

MULTIPLE-CHOICE, CHOOSE MULTIPLE ANSWERS

A: 1, 2, 4, 5

3 is incorrect because the writer says: Legend has it that Napoleon is responsible for making the European countries which he conquered keep to the right,  So France, obviously, and Spain, … used tllis system, ….

6 is incorrect because the writer says: … over the years other countries adopted the practice to make crossing borders easier and safer. The latest European country to convert was Sweden, in 1967. So Germany must have adopted driving on the right before 1967.

1 is correct because the writer says: Japan does too….

2 is correct because the writer says: In fact, those that drive on the left make up about twenty-five per cent of the world’s countries and are. Apart {rom the UK itself, and Scotland is part of the UK.

4 is correct because the writer says: … as late as 2009, Samoa switched from driving on the right… .

5 is correct because the writer says: … apart from tile UK itself. Mostly countries that were British, India South Africa

B: 1. 2. 4 3 is incorrect because it’s possible that he didn’t take any of the photos himself. 5 is incorrect because before the war he was a well-known portrait photographer. 1 is correct because the writer says: Lincoln granted him permission to travel anywhere. ” .

2 and 4 are correct because lite writer say~: But no one else could have organized the large army of photographers needed to cover the broad sweep of the war and provided access lo many leading generals and politicians.

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