PTE Academic reading multiple choice multiple answers practice 2

multiple choice

PTE Academic reading multiple choice multiple answers

Read the text and answer the question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

1.Wheat is one of most primitive types of food in the world. Its discovery contributed to the development of Homo-sapiens from hunters to farmers. Civilization arose where soil was fertile and wheat could be produced. The Stone Age farmers in the Middle East 9000 years ago were perhaps the first to cultivate cereal grams, such as wheat and barley. They also developed bread wheat from a cross of wild wheat and grasses. Studies on Neolithic women in Syria highlight damage to their toes, knees and vertebrate as they had to spend long hours kneeling before saddle shaped stones to crush grains. The finding that grain could be grounded to make a powder called a meal must havebeen fantastic because raw wheat is distasteful. This powder called meal was used to make porridge or gruel until baking was discovered. The baked flour was more enjoyable and tasty. Sieve or baskets were made using horse hair or papyrus to separate the ground meal into coarse bran particles and white flour. Later ancient Romans crushed the grain and sifted the flour through linen, twice. This was an expensive procedure that only the aristocracy could afford. The white flour obtained was called “pollen” meaning a fine powder. The Romans were the pioneers in the birth of the milling industry using animals or slaves to drive the wheels to grind wheat. It was only in the 11th century that water and wind mills appeared to grind the wheat

Which of the following statements is/are not true in accordance with the information given in the above passage?

  1. Extracting fine pollen from raw wheat used to be an expensive process.
  2. Discovery of wheat helped primitive societies to lead a nomadic life.
  3. Crushing wheat with the help of saddle shaped stones used to be a difficult task for ancient women.
  4. In ancient Rome milling was always done with the help of slaves.
  5. Baked wheat flour is tastier than porridge.

Multiple choice multiple answers

2.Primitive man was probably more concerned with fire as a source of warmth and as a means of cooking food than as a source of light. Before he discovered less laborious ways of making fire, he had to preserve it, and whenever he went on a journey he carried a firebrand with him. His discovery that the firebrand from which the torch may well have developed, could be used for illumination was probably incidental purpose of preserving a flame.

Lamps, too probably developed by accident. Early man may have had his first conception of a lamp while watching a twig of fibre burning in the molten fat dropped from roasting carcass. All he had to do was to fashion a vessel to contain fat and float a lighted reed in it. Such lamps, which were made of hollowed stones or sea-shells, have persisted in identical form up to quite recent times.
Which of the following statements can be derived from the text?

  1. Lighting his surroundings was a major concern for the primitive man.
  2. Primitive man used to soften his food by heating it.
  3. Torch was discovered more by accident than by design.
  4. Preserving fire was not a major concern for the primitive man.
  5. Some of the primitive lamp designs survived for long through the ages.

Multiple choice multiple answers

3.Offshore Drilling

There are other environmental problems connected with offshore oil, besides oil pollution, many of them are routine part of operations. In drilling an offshore well, operators customarily discard overboard their drill cuttings with some un-separated drilling mud (which is not actually mud but a combination of clay and chemicals). A typical 15,000-foot well usually produces more than 1,000 tons of drill cuttings. In addition, mineral salts, which may have distinctly harmful effects on some forms of marine life, are released from geological formations and are regularly discharged after treatment in the course of production. Localized short-term impacts have been detected as a result of these discharges. Routine discharges like these, together with chronic low-level oil leaks, present “considerable environmental risk,” the Council on Environmental Quality concluded in its report on OCS oil and gas.

Offshore Oil Sourcing

Digging channels for service ships and barges, building docks and other structures at the waterfront, and, to a lesser extent, laying pipeline cause another kind of environmental disruption. Instead of poisoning marine creatures, these activities tend to bury them, choke them, or cut off the light, which is essential to their whole food chain. Most importantly, dredging and filling change drainage patterns of estuaries and wetlands and can lead to erosion or saltwater intrusion. Increased salinity of the water in marshes and estuaries is usually damaging to the young fish, shellfish, and other organisms residing there. They may not be able to tolerate the higher salinity or they may be decimated by invading predators with an affinity for saltier waters.

 

According to the information given in the passage, select the statement(s) that the author may probably disagree with?

1.Offshore oil drilling invites serious environmental problems.

2.An offshore oil well may not pose as much danger to the environment once it becomes completely operational.

3.While some species may suffer due to higher salinity levels, the situation may be a boon to some others.
4.Offshore oil drilling can have disastrous impact on the marine food chain.
5.Pipelines laid to carry gas or oil from the offshore wells are more disastrous than the huge structures erected at the waterfront.

Multiple choice multiple answers

4.It is in the university that leaders of the country are trained. The university education is calculated to produce and is producing, men who will be able to play worthy part in public life. It is true that legislative and administrative capacities are developed by experience and by practical knowledge of affairs. Foundations need to be laid at a much earlier stage. It is from this university teaching that a young man should learn to examine critically the material before him, to arrive at a balanced judgment; and not to be carried away by mere catchwords.

But in public affairs something more is needed than the power of criticism and intellectual judgment. It is mainly outside the classroom that the boy learns the lesson of corporate life, how to understand the views of others and to work with them, how to sacrifice cheerfully his private inclination for the common good, and how to lead others by influence rather than by authority. He learns these lessons daily by contacts in clubs and societies, in playing fields and common rooms and also not the least by the guidance of wise teachers from whom a timely word may mean so much.

According to the information given in the passage, select the statement(s) that the author may probably disagree with?
1.The classroom teaching lays the true foundation stone of a student’s future public life.

2.Platforms for personal and group interaction are provided by the university.

3.Public affairs demand personal sacrifices.

4.Public life demands theoretical as well as practical knowledge.

5.True leaders sway rather than dictate.

 

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