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PTE Academic sample essay role of government to protect citizens from tobacco


Tobacco, mainly in the form of cigarettes is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. Over a billion adults legally smoke tobacco every day. The long-term health costs are high- for the smokers themselves, and for the wider community in terms of health care costs and lost productivity.Do Governments have a legitimate role to protect citizens from the harmful effects of their own decisions to smoke, or are such decisions up to an individual?”

Tobacco is one of the most widely-used drugs in the world. Over a billion adults legally smoke tobacco every day. Tobacco is slowing taking a billion people in the world towards doom. The long-term health costs are high for smokers, who suffer from various heart and lung diseases, reduced concentration and continually diminishing immunity.


Non-smokers, accompanying smokers or those who are in their close vicinity, also become “Passive” smokers and bear the toll of various inevitable diseases as they inhale the smoke which has an ill-effect on their respiratory systems. Thus, the health costs are high—for smokers themselves, and for the wider community in terms of health care costs and lost productivity.


There has been awareness among people from many years, about the ill-effects of smoking and various campaigns run by the government, NGOs and local bodies to encourage people to quit smoking but the result has not been impressive. The solution is to nip the problem in the bud. School authorities and parents should keep a close eye so that children don’t start to smoke because they think it is “cool”. They should be made aware of the harmful effects of smoking.

The government could play a vital role too. Smoking should not be high-hand in advertisements and movie commercials which have a huge impact on people. It could levy high taxes on tobacco products to keep people away from its reach. Rules for checking children buying such products should be made stringent.


The onus to protect from such products also lie on individuals as will-power always does the trick. The knowledge of the importance of being healthy has to be realized from within. It goes a long way to check the problem. Thus, the solution requires both legitimate action of Government and strong individual decisions to eliminate the problem.

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8 thoughts on “PTE Academic sample essay role of government to protect citizens from tobacco

  1. These days, there is an ongoing debate between people about the most used tobacco drugs. Tobacco smoking is increasing day by day and it is legal in some countries. As we know all that smoking is serious issue in our society. In this essay, I will explain my point of view regarding to smoking and I also provide my personal experience about this harmful drug. Below are my points.
    Firstly, I would say that, smoking is very dangerous for our health and it is not connected with the person who smokes but it is also connected with the person who is sitting with him or her, when they do smoking. In some countries, smoking is banned and this is the great step toward the batter society. Let me explain my experience here, I have a friend who is chain-smoker in from the last 10 years and recently, he got a bad news from the doctor that, he got cancer disease. This is smoking news for all of us and by the grace of the God he is surviving with treatment. So in that case, I totally agreed that we should stop smoking and take some strict action for this.
    Secondly, I would say that, the Govt. should take action on it and some on front for foot to play strong and strict law actions so that now one can even think about smoking.
    We have seen so many ads on TV, Internet and in theater that but we as a individual also take part in this role. We should teach our children that due to smoking you can get infected like, cancer disease, heart attack, lungs disease etc.
    At the end with some conclusion, I would say that, we as individual and Govt. take some strict action in it.

  2. Tobacco in general and Cigarettes in particular is most widely used drugs by more than billion adults in the world. Tobacco smoking is injurious to both physical health of the individual as well as economic health of the community as a whole. It is often argued that who will take responsibility to save the citizens from the harmful effects of the tobacco smoking, is it the government or the individual themselves.

    It is widely accepted truth that everybody has a role to play in the community’s growth and to protect it from the undesirable impacts. This imples that the curbing the illnesses of tobacco smoking is in the hands of the both the government and the individual smoker. Governments can legislate to put age restrictions to buy the tobacco products. This is mostly seen in all the countries that the people aged less than 18 are prohibited to buy tobacco products. Also governemts can make tobacco products to display the images to remind the smoker of the harmful efffects of smoking.

    Furthermore, the individual is also responsible for himself as well as the community The individual must realise the health care costs associated and also count on the number of productive hours lost due to smoking. It is agreed that most governments are not in favour of banning the tobacco smoking due to various reasons, it is the individual’s responsibility to take care of himself first and his/her community next.

    In conclusion, the individual has a better role to play in comparision with the governemts to curb the harmful effects of tobacco smoking.”Change must start from within, not without”. Instead of blame game, it is always good to take control of the situation to our own hands.

    1. This is a good essay except it does not mention the thesis point in the introduction part and in conslusion part, it is not good to include quotation, otherwise, I like the way of presentation.

  3. It is an irrefutable fact, in the contemporary world drug consumption in the form of cigarette is highest in the world. Some people believe that it should be controlled by the regime, while many against this notion. I will be with the first notion and this essay will give you assertions of the contentations before deducing any conclusions.

    Cigarette is highly consumed drugs in the world and the Government should stop this consumption. Tobacco attracts youth and stimulate to smoke, in their young age they come into this trap. Additionally, many popular celebrities promote tobacco products and tobacco companies use actor popularity by making colorful advertisement, which augment individuals to become habitual. This phenomenon is not only spoiling people life but, affecting on country assets, as the Government need to spend more money on health care department. So, I don not think so any reason to not control this drug usage by the Government.

    On the other side of the fence, many accomplished mankinds in a notion that although cigarette is affecting peoples’ health, but, it’s an individual responsibility to take care themselves.
    However, these eminent people do not know the consequence and health issues.

    In conclusion, drug consumption in the form of cigarette stimulating peoples’ health. In my opinion, the government should take some legal action and make some laws to protect their citizens.

  4. Smoking is one of the bad habits among people of our age. This infamous trend is popular among people of all age groups. On one hand, smokers plagued with health risks are making their lives detrimental for themselves whereas, on the other hand, it is causing an exceptionally high burden to health services, unable to cater a large number of smoke-related health patients.
    However, with that being said it is widely argued who is exactly responsible to discourage this trend. Is this in Government’s domain to put down legislation to protect the health of its subjects due to harmful effects of smoking or is it left to the individuals in its entirety?
    In this essay, I will express why both are responsible to discard this trend.
    Firstly, take a look at the life of a smoking person. Undeterred in his resolve, he would not like to refrain from smoking in the presence of his family members. Not only his smoking habit is risking his life but he is also causing tremendous risks to the life of other individuals too, especially the growing children. Consequently, on account of health risks such as high blood pressures, anxiety, he would find no place to be treated as hospitals are unable to cope with growing number of such patients. This, as a result, is detrimental to his health as receiving an underrated health treatment could make things more complicated rather simple. Plagued with the seriousness of the problem, he would rush to the private clinics infamous for charging lucrative costs for such treatments.
    However, with that being said, Government cannot be absolved of its responsibilities. In order to discourage smoking especially among the youngsters and women, the introduction of high taxes can perhaps solve this problem to an extent. Similarly, banning the underage sale to teenage children while the list can be extended to women and elderly, is, however, another way to deal with this problem.
    In the end, while the list of Government actions is too lengthy to explain. Nonetheless, it is the responsibility of individual especially youngsters to discourage smoking habit not only deterring themselves but also stamp out from the lives of others.

  5. Tobacco has been consumed in various forms. One of the major uses of the tobacco is as cigarettes which have been common phenomenon among adults. Though consumers are aware of the harmful effects they costs, uses of the tobacco is being increasing. So i believe that, both government and individual should act together to decrease the trend.
    Government is the governing body of any nations. Law can play a major role to restrict any activities which are harmful to person in terms of their health costs. However, law itself is not sufficient but a proper implementation of law is required to protect citizens. It has been observed that many activities are being controlled by rules and regulations. For example, in Nepal, Smoking is public places is not allowed. This regulation had not only minimised the tobaccos uses in public places but also demotivated the smoking habit. Also statutory messages in the packets of cigarettes, and movie display can play a detrimental interest to crave for cigarettes.
    It is not to say that government is the only body to control the smoking habits. Individuals’’ decision is the factors which leads them to smoke. In addition, rules and regulations seem to be futile against any individual’s desire. For instance, if rules are to stop crime, it should have ceased for years.
    In conclusion, individual’s decision is what they will to do, but government also plays major roles to control such activities.

  6. Like any other habits of humans, smoking tobacco in the form of cigarette is also a habit of choice for every individual which is being used around the world nowadays. Let’s see in below paragraphs why smoking cigarette is an individual’s choice and to what extent a government can protect people from the effects of it.

    Smoking is injurious to health, we cannot say smokers are now aware of it, and still they decided to smoke cigarettes because they like it for its flavor, taste and other reasons. When I say other reasons, we should not forget the contribution of our commercial advertisement and film industries who portrayed the style of smoking and which really inspired many people for their first smoke. Again I want to stress the fact that one is smoking because anyone is forcing them to do.

    At the same time, I cannot disagree that a government has the responsibility of educating its citizens about the effects of smoking cigarettes and I think the government is already doing it by printing the warning messages in cigarette box and through awareness advertisements wherever possible. Secondly the government should ensure that the non-smokers are not impacted by the smoke they inhale, which is again taken care by restricting smoking in public places or common areas.

    As per the above discussion we can conclude that the government can do its role from protecting non-smokers and creating awareness from the effects from cigarette smoking, but at the end of the day it is a choice of an individual who have to realize the health cost of it to him or his family which might bring a solution to this.

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