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PTE summarize written text sample paragraphs 71

PTE summarize written text sample paragraphs

Read the passages below and summarize them using one sentence in not more than 75 words(30-35 words). Type your response in the comment section at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish each passage. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.


Because of the unstructured nature of the group, the major problem faced by the participants is how they are going to use their time together – whether it be eighteen hours of a weekend or forty or more hours in a one-week group. Often there is consternation, anxiety, and irritation at first – particularly because of the lack of structure. Only gradually does it become evident that the major aim of nearly every member is to find ways of relating to other members of the group and to himself. Then as they gradually, tentatively, and fearfully explore their feelings and attitudes towards one another and towards themselves, it becomes increasingly evident that what they have first presented are façades, masks. Only cautiously do the real feelings and real persons emerge. The contrast between the outer shell and the inner person becomes more and more apparent as the hours go by. Little by little, a sense of genuine communication builds up, and the person who has been thoroughly walled off from others comes out with some small segment of his actual feelings. Usually his attitude has been that his real feelings will be quite unacceptable to other members of the group. To his astonishment, he finds that he is more accepted the more real that he becomes. Negative feelings are often especially feared, since it seems certain to each individual that his angry or jealous feelings cannot possibly be accepted by another. Thus one of the most common developments is that a sense of trust slowly begins to build, and also a sense of warmth and liking for other members of the group. A woman says on Sunday afternoon, ‘If anybody had told me Friday evening that by today I would be loving every member of this group I would have told him that he belonged in the nut house.’ Participants feel a closeness and intimacy which they have not felt even with their spouses or members of their own family, because they have revealed themselves here more deeply and more fully than to those in their own family circle.
Thus, in such a group the individual comes to know himself and each of the others more completely than is possible in the usual social or working relationships. He becomes deeply acquainted with the other members and with his own inner self, the self that otherwise tends to be hidden behind his façade. Hence he relates better to others, both in the group and later in the everyday life situation.




PTE summarize written text sample paragraphs


A convenient point of departure is provided by the famous Clark-Trimble experiments of 1935. Clark-Trimble was not primarily a physicist, and his great discovery of the Graduated Hostility of Things was made almost accidentally. During some research into the relation between periods of the day and human bad temper, Clark-Trimble, a leading Cambridge psychologist, came to the conclusion that low human dynamics in the early morning could not sufficiently explain the apparent hostility of Things at the breakfast table – the way honey gets between the fingers, the unfoldability of news-papers, etc. In the experiments which finally confirmed him in this view, and which he demonstrated before the Royal Society in London, Clark-Trimble arranged four hundred pieces of carpet in ascending degrees of quality, from coarse matting to priceless Chinese silk. Pieces of toast and marmalade, graded, weighed, and measured, were then dropped on each piece of carpet, and the marmalade-downwards incidence was statistically analysed. The toast fell right-side-up every time on the cheap carpet, except when the cheap carpet was screened from the rest (in which case the toast didn’t know that Clark-Trimble had other and better carpets), and it fell marmalade-downwards every time on the Chinese silk. Most remarkable of all, the marmalade-downwards incidence for the intermediate grades was found to vary exactly with the quality of carpet.
The success of these experiments naturally switched Clark-Trimble’s attention to further research on resistentia, a fact which was directly responsible for the tragic and sudden end to his career when he trod on a garden rake at the Cambridge School of Agronomy. In the meantime, Noys and Crangenbacker had been doing some notable work in America. Noys carried out literally thousands of experiments, in which subjects of all ages and sexes, sitting in chairs of every conceivable kind, dropped various kinds of pencils. In only three cases did the pencil come to rest within easy reach. Crangenbacker’s work in the social-industrial field, on the relation of human willpower to specific problems such as whether a train or subway will stop with the door opposite you on a crowded platform, or whether there will be a mail box anywhere on your side of the street, was attracting much attention.

PTE summarize written text sample paragraphs








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5 thoughts on “PTE summarize written text sample paragraphs 71

  1. Co mingling in unstructured groups allows people to reveal their true selves and bond better with other group members.

  2. Hi Admin & Guys,

    I have no idea if I am executing the idea of summarizing texts appropriately, so please be free to comment and let me realize what i need to improve.

    Unstructured groups often deprive of its aim when begin but gradually as communication among members goes one’s inner self started appearing with negativity in exception results into building trust and intimacy that even lack with families and comparatively unstructured conversation proved more advantageous.

  3. Clark-Trimble explained Hostility of Things independent of low human dynamics with the experiment where toast facing marmalade mostly fell on the carpet depending on its quality that further inspired him towards ‘Resistentia’ and others to carry out experiments in different scenarios.

    1. Hi Sandeep,

      Please have a look on this one.

      Clark-Trimble who discovered the Graduated Hostility of Things, had demonstrated the marmalade-downwards incidence before the Royal Society in London by allowing the pieces of toast with marmalade to fall against different quality of carpets and the success of these discoveries motivated him to research further on resistentia.

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