PTE Academic writing summarize written text sample passages 14

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PTE Academic writing summarize written text sample passages

PTE Academic writing summarize written text sample passages.Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the comment section at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.

PTE Academic writing summarize written text social science related samples

1.Anthropology is  classification and analysis of humans and their society, descriptively, culturally, historically, and physically. Its unique contribution to studying the bonds of human social relations has been the distinctive concept of culture. It has also differed from other sciences concerned with human social behavior  in its emphasis on data from non literate peoples and archaeological exploration. Emerging as an independent science in the mid-19th cent., anthropology was associated from the beginning with various other emergent sciences, notably biology, geology, linguistics, psychology, and archaeology. Its development is also linked with the philosophical speculations of the Enlightenment about the origins of human society and the sources of myth. A unifying science, anthropology has not lost its connections with any of these branches, but has incorporated all or part of them and often employs their techniques.

2.Cargo cult was a native religious movement found in Melanesia and New Guinea, holding that at the millennium the spirits of the dead will return and bring with them cargoes of modern goods for distribution among its adherents. The cult had its beginnings in the 19th cent. and received great impetus from World War II, when the Western armed forces littered the islands with surplus cargo. The cult aims to restore a past time and to regain the goodwill of ancestors who are being lured into giving cargo to the white foreigners, cargo originally intended for the native Melanesians. Cargo cults are revivalistic, in that the adherents expect the restoration of a golden age in which they will be reunited with their ancestors, and nativistic , in that the whites are to be driven away. However, as the cargo is composed principally of European goods, and native goods and rituals are abandoned, both the nativistic and revivalistic aspects of cargo cults are qualified by a strong motive toward acculturation.

3.Caste, ranked groups based on heredity within rigid systems of social stratification, especially those that constitute Hindu India. Some scholars, in fact, deny that true caste systems are found outside India. The caste is a closed group whose members are severely restricted in their choice of occupation and degree of social participation. Marriage outside the caste is prohibited. Social status is determined by the caste of one’s birth and may only rarely be transcended. Certain religious minorities may voluntarily constitute a quasi-caste within a society, but they are less apt to be characterized by cultural distinctiveness than by their self-imposed social segregation. A specialized labor group may operate as a caste within a society otherwise free of such distinctions e.g., the iron smiths in parts of Africa. In general, caste functions to maintain the status quo in a society.

4.Human evolution, theory of the origins of the human species, Homo sapiens. Modern understanding of human origins is derived largely from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection . Although gaps in the fossil record due to differential preservation prevent the complete specification of the line of human descent, H. sapiens share clear anatomical, genetic, and historic relationships to other primates. Of all primates, humans bear particularly close affinity to other members of a group known as hominoids, or apes, which includes orangutans, gibbons, gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans. Humans and their immediate ancestors, known as hominids, are notable among hominoids for their bipedal locomotion, slow rate of maturation, large brain size, and, at least among the more recent hominids, the development of a relatively sophisticated capacity for language, tool use, and social activity.

PTE Academic writing summarize written text sample passages

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3 thoughts on “PTE Academic writing summarize written text sample passages 14

  1. Hi Admin,

    Please rate the following summarize written texts:

    1. Anthropology is the study of human social relations and have emerged as independent science where it is associated with different branches of sciences and also linked with origin of human society.

    3. Caste is a group based on heredity in India but outside India it is termed to have several restrictions among occupation and social participation which forms a group by maintaining status quo in society.

    4. Homo sapiens means human origins which is derived from findings of paleontology which makes clear genetic relationships with other primates, out of which only humans are closely related to hominoids group.

  2. 1) Anthropology is a distinctive science of humans and and their relationship with society and applies other branches of science viz biology , linguistics,geology and psychology in its studies.

    2) Cargo cult was founded in early 19th Century in Melanesia and New Guinea; it was religious movement wherein they believed that their ancestors would return with the cargoes and distribute amongst their followers.

    3) Caste System is primarily associated with Hindu India whereby social status, occupation was defined by it and people were restricted to marry outside their own caste.

    4)The theory of origin of humans i.e. homo sapiens is derived primarily from the findings of paleontology, anthropology, and genetics, and involves the process of natural selection and due to close genetic, anatomical affinity to hominoids it is believed humans descended through them.

  3. Cargo cult cultural event was originated in Melanesia and New Guinea and its purpose is to reunited with their ancestors and nativists to expel white people; however, both the navitists and revivalists have a strong motivation towards acculturation.

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