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Definition or meaning of words important in PTE Academic test

Definition or Meaning of words important in PTE Academic

definition education


A advocacy means public support or recommendation of a particular policy or cause / the profession or work of a legal advocate
arousal means feeling excited or sexually excited
autonomously means Government or independent self-governing or growning naturally
austere means strict or severe
accuse means charge with an offence. For Instance :  he was accused for murdering his wife’s lover
autonomy means independence or freedom from external control or right of self-government
adaptations means process of being adopted or stage play / drama that has been adapted from written book
B bias means a particular tendency, trend
bigotry means intolerance towards those who hold different opinions. For instance discrimination, injustice.
bilingualism means the ability to speak two languages fluently
bio-energy means a renewable energy produced by living organisms. For instance : Energy consumed from the waste of wood, sugarcane etc
breed means to produce or to produce by mating. For instance endangered animals in zoo are breeded.
benevolent means good nature person ; kind hearted ; kind
bizarre means very strange or unusual
C captivity means period of being held or imprisoned, enslaved
clergy means pandit or the group or body of ordained persons in a religion
cloak means a sleeveless outdoor overgarment that hangs loosely from the shoulders.
clone means organism or cell
coalition means a temporary alliance (partnership) for combined action, especially for political parties forming a government.
cognitive means mental performance or memory, judgement or perceptions, the act or process of knowing;
colossal means huge or extraordinarily great in size, extent or degree
combat means oppose or to fight against. For Instance to oppose fight or war.
commemorating means to serve as a memorial. For Instance to commemorates the dead by a moment of silence.
companion means person accompany in job for long time
compelling means having a powerful and irresistible effect.
consensus means majority of opinion. For Instance : The consensus of the group was that they should meet twice a month.
conservation means the act of conserving; prevention of injury, waste or loss
conviction means a fixed or firm belief
corporal punishment means physical punishment
coveted means to desire wrongfully, to covet another’s property (eg : He won the prize they all coveted)
curbing means the material forming a curb, as along a street. Curb means joined stones or concrete – along a street
cult means a system of religious veneration and devotion directed towards a particular figure or object.
clandestinely or clandestine means secretly or secret
contingent means conditions
cite means praise in an official report for courageous act
D delinquency means minor crime or crime committed by young people
demise means a person’s death
depicit means to represent by or as if by painting
deprived means lack of necessity of life. For eg lack of food or shelter
deterrent means discourage. Deter means discourage or serving to deter.
disparity means lack of similarity or inequality
dogmatism means dogmatic character, unfounded positiveness in matters of opinions or arrogant
dramatic means highly effective or relating to the drama
drawl means to speak or say in slow manner, usually prolonging the vowels
deceive or deceiving means give someone a wrong impression or mistaken impression
deflate or deflated means suddenly loose confidence or feel dispirited


E enactment means a single provision of law or something that is enacted; a law or statute.
escalate means to increase in intensity. For example a time when prices escalate
ethanol means systematic name of ethyl alcohol. For eg: Alcohol
evolve means to develop gradually
exhibits means to offer or to expose to view (for instance display/exhibits the latest models of car)
expedition means journey or voyage for specific purpose
expel means force out or to cut off from membership or relations (for eg : to expel a student from college)
extinct means no longer in existence / use or obselete or died out
explicit means stated clearly and in detail, leaving no room for confusion or doubt
F flawed means fundamental weakness or imperfect ptewebsite
forbidden means not allowed or prohibited ptewebsite
foreboding means a prediction or a strong inner feeling or notion of future misfortune /evil ptewebsite
G genre means a class or category of artistic endeavor having a particular form or technique ptewebsite
H hackles means anger. For eg erectible hairs grows on animals when it is angry or alarmed. ptewebsite
homogeneous means similar or alike ptewebsite
habitat means the natural home or environment of an animal, plant, or other organism
I impede means progress by means of obstacles or hindrances
implicitly means implied or involved in it
incidence means the rate or range of occurrence. For Instance the high incidence of heart disease in men over 40.
indictment means a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime. For eg : a indictment of twelve people who had imported cocaine.
inevitable means unavoidable
infliction means something unpleasant or painful on someone
intellectual autonomy means to make decisions about your life or internal motivation based on ideal of thinking one-self;
intriguing means to arouse the curiosity
indispensable means absolute necessary or essential, crucial
infer or inferred means conclude from evidence or come to the conclusion
insistence means the fact or quality of insisting that something is the case or should be done. Eg : Alison’s insistence on doing the washing-up straight after the meal”
J juxtaposition means Contrast / the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect
L lingering means lasting for a long time or slow to end
M marred means to damage or spoil to a certain extent
mates means a partner in marriage; spouse or one of a pair
microbes means bacteria
mimiking means to imitate or copy
multilingual means able to speak several or many languages with some facility.
mundane means lacking interest or lacking excitement
myths means traditional story / a widely held but false belief or idea
mutation means alteration or change
meagre means lacking in quantity or quality
N nostalgia means a desire to return in thought or former time or homeland
novices means person who is new to the circumstances or work etc
O Oppressed means subject to harsh treatment;  for eg oppressed racial minorities
organism means individual, animal, plant or creature

ornate means highly decorated or using unusual word and complex construction
P persecution means hositility and ill-treatment because of race or religion belief or political
propensity means natural tendency to behave in a certain way
prey means animal that is hunted and killed by another for food
Q quest means to search – in order to obtain something. For instance quest for knowledge.
R reaquainting means to make more or less familiar or aware of something
regress means return to a former or less developed state.
reluctant means unwilling or struggling in opposition
renactment means A renactment is the action of performaning a new version of an old event, usually in a theatrical performance.
resistance means unaffected by
revealed means to make known; to disclose or to reveal a secret.
reverie means a state of imagining or thinking about pleasant things (if u r dreaming)
rigour or rigor means strictness, harshness – as in dealing with people
rodent means mammals like mice, squirrel,beavers etc
rumbling means a continuous deep, resonant sound
restrained means guarded or unemotional For instance : restrained by law
relinquish means give up
repent or repented means sincere regret
requiem means especially in Roman catholic church, a mass for reopose of souls of the dead.
S seldom means not often; rarely
serum means immune serum ( i think syrup as medicine)
Solace means comfort
spanking means slapping
spectator means the person who looks on or watches For Instance person who watch match or soccer
steadfast means fixed in direction or firm in purpose
subvert means to overthrow
succeeded spelling succeeded. There are 2 cc and 2 ee’s
surge means a strong, forward movement. For eg : Company growth will surge between 2019 & 2014.
surgery simulator means computer technology surgery – generally for practice for doctors
susceptible means capable of being affected emotionally. For Instance sharks may be more susceptible to changes in local marine
settlement means an official agreement intended to resolve the issue
sergeant means a non-commissioned officer in air force or army. England : a police officer below an inspector
stoked means excited or euphoric
semen means the male reproductive fluid or sperm
stalk means pursue or approach stealthily. For eg: a cat stalking a bird.
sprawl means stretch out or lie down; sit, lie, or fall with one’s arms and legs spread out in an ungainly way
sceptical means doubtful or not easily convinced
T trait means a distinguishing quality or characteristics, typically one belonging to a person
triumphs means a significant success or victory
tyrant means cruel
U unveiled means not hidden by or revealed to public knowledge
utopian means idealistic or aiming for a state that everything is perfect
V Vent means the release or expression to strong emotion, energy. For Instance: Children give vent to their anger in various ways.
Vicarious means experienced in the imagination through the feelings or actions of another person. eg: watching sports gives vicarious pleasure.



Verve means enthusiasm or spirit
W Wisdom means having experience, knowledge; the quality of being wise

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