Enabling skills scores
The enabling skills are used to rate performance in the productive skills of speaking and writing. The enabling skills measured are grammar, oral fluency, pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary, and written discourse. The scores for enabling skills are based on performance on only those items that assess these skills specifically. The score range for each skill is 10–90 points.
The enabling skills reported are described as follows:
|Grammar||Correct use of language with respect to word form and word order at the sentence level|
|Oral fluency||Smooth, effortless and natural-paced delivery of speech|
|Pronunciation||Production of speech sounds in a way that is easily understandable to most regular speakers of the language. Regional or national varieties of English pronunciation are considered correct to the degree that they are easily understandable to most regular speakers of the language|
|Spelling||Writing of words according to the spelling rules of the language. All national variations are considered correct, but one spelling convention should be used consistently in a given response|
|Vocabulary||Appropriate choice of words used to express meaning, as well as lexical range|
|Written discourse||Correct and communicatively efficient production of written language at the textual level. Written discourse skills are represented in the structure of a written text, its internal coherence, logical development and the range of linguistic resources used to express meaning precisely|
Scores for enabling skills are not awarded when responses are inappropriate for the items in either content or form. For example, if an essay task requires the test taker to discuss the environment, but the test taker’s response is entirely devoted to the topic of fashion or sport, no score points will be given for the response, and none of the enabling skills be scored for the item.
In relation to form, if a task requires a one-sentence summary of a text and the response consists of a list of words, no score points for the response will be given.