PTE essay-The only effective way to deal with unemployment is to introduce rapid urbanisation. How far you agree?

Unemployment is a fairly popular word these days. Many times, urbanisation is seen as an answer to the widespread unemployment. Though, in this essay, I will argue that urbanisation is not a solution to unemployment.

There are many reasons why people support urbanisation to combat unemployment. Firstly, urbanisation opens up opportunities in every sector. New industries provide employment choices to the people. Secondly, industrialisation is accompanied by better housing, education, medical and transport facilities. Hence, quality of life improves for many.

Despite the merits of urbanisation, there are many demerits we overlook.The following reasons demonstrate the argument-Uneven population distribution – Urbanisation leads to a change in demographics. The urban areas are more densely populated than the rural areas. For example, even though Tokyo is the most populated cities in the world, the population in rest of Japan is dwindling. This leads to a neglect of the villages which have been untouched by urbanisation.

Poor living conditions – A sudden demographic shift can be overwhelming. The changes in the city are not properly mapped out. Hence, illegal housing increases. This also puts a lot of pressure on resources, education, medical facilities etc. Rapid crime growth and poor sanitation are also a consequence. For example, every urbanized city in the world has a higher rate of crime, mental illnesses etc compared to the other states of their respective countries.
Extreme competition – A large population increases the competition in the job market. For one vacant post, there will be several qualified professionals applying for it. Even urbanisation doesn’t guarantee that a person would get employment according to his/her qualifications.

To sum up, urbanisation is a short term solution to unemployment. Rather than creating urbanised hubs, even development across the country should be the realized. Imparting skills and education can help the poor make a better living.

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  1. World history is full of wars and conflicts. Some conflicts are home-grown while some result from the direct aggression of the enemy. Throughout the history of mankind, nature of these conflicts has been different but the reason for which these wars were fought are the same. Retrospection of all these conflicts would always trace men’s involvement rather than women.
    In this essay, I will lend weight to this opinion that female leadership should be allowed to resolve ongoing conflicts between nations.
    Firstly, let’s have a holistic view of this approach that how women can contribute to the resolution of conflicts. Just trace almost four decades back history of conflict between India and Pakistan. After the 1971 war, more than 50,000 soldiers were stranded in Indian camps after the defeat in erstwhile Bangladesh. After the culmination of war, India and Pakistan started to negotiate on the fate of Prisoners of War. At this high time, India was led by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi – whose profound leadership would intervene to make the talks between both countries successful. After, the historic signing of the agreement, Pakistan was able to secure a release of over 90,000 soldiers. All this was due to the credence of able leadership of Indra Gandhi that eventually made this to happen.
    On the contrary, tracing back the war histories, one would be stunned to know that all these wars were initiated by the men. Nonetheless, some conflicts might have a history related to winning land, an occupation of land or resources, nevertheless women are not involved to instigate war with rivals.
    Biologically, women are treated with care and respect nearly in every society. Hence allowing them to demonstrate their leadership in conflict resolution is a saner option. In addition, our patriarchal dominance needs an urgent revamp in order to free this world from detrimental effects of wars and unnecessary conflicts.

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